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How to detect whether page is load on Mobile or Desktop browser in ASP.Net Core

In this article we will learn about How to detect whether page is load on Mobile or Desktop browser in ASP.Net Core. In ASP.Net Core, Regular Expressions (Regex) can be used to easily detect and determine whether the user is using a desktop browser or a mobile phone browser (mobile device). Please read my all step by step .NET Core articles here.

Regular Expression for Detecting Mobile Browsers (Mobile Devices)

The following website offers a fantastic Regular Expression that can be easily used in ASP.Net MVC Core and other languages for detecting mobile phone browsers (mobile devices). http://detectmobilebrowsers.com/

Note: The above website updates their Regular Expression on a regular basis, so you must visit the site every few months to obtain the most recent Regular Expression so that your website can detect newly released mobile phone devices.

Creating an ASP.Net Core application

Here I have created ASP.Net Core Razor Page application, you can also create .Net Core MVC or Asp. Net MVC application to implement this example.

Creating a Model

We create a Model named as Browser that holds the browser properties.

public class Browser
    {
        public string userAgent { get; set; }
        public Regex OS { get; set; }
        public Regex device { get; set; }
    }

Modify the Controller

Open the HomeController.cs file add the device information like below,

 public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        private readonly ILogger<HomeController> _logger;
        string device_info = string.Empty;
        public HomeController(ILogger<HomeController> logger)
        {
            _logger = logger;
        }

        public IActionResult Index()
        {
            var browserinfo = new Browser()
            {
                userAgent = Request.Headers["User-Agent"].ToString(),
                OS = new Regex(@"(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase | RegexOptions.Multiline),
                device = new Regex(@"1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase | RegexOptions.Multiline)
            };
            if (browserinfo.OS.IsMatch(browserinfo.userAgent))
            {
                device_info = browserinfo.OS.Match(browserinfo.userAgent).Groups[0].Value;
            }
            if (browserinfo.device.IsMatch(browserinfo.userAgent.Substring(0, 4)))
            {
                device_info += browserinfo.device.Match(browserinfo.userAgent).Groups[0].Value;
            }
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(device_info))
            {
                ViewBag.DeviceInfo = "You are using a Mobile device. " + device_info;
            }
            else
            {
                ViewBag.DeviceInfo = "You are using a Desktop device.";
            }
            return View();
        }
    }
  • The User-Agent is used by each browser to send information to the server. Two Regular Expressions are used to match the value of the User Agent variable. And if one of the two Regular Expressions matches, it indicates that the user is using a mobile phone browser (mobile device).
  • If a match is found, the mobile phone browser’s (mobile device’s) information is retrieved from the Regular Expression’s Group values and stored in a ViewBag object, which will later be displayed in the View.
  • The regular expression is used the namespace using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
  • Request.Headers["User-Agent"] is used for to get user Browser name ( user-agent ) and followed by using the regular expression for detect operating system and device information.

Adding the Viewbag in View page

Open the Index.cshtml page and add the viewbag informations.

@{
    ViewData["Title"] = "Home Page";
}

<div class="text-center">
   @ViewBag.DeviceInfo
</div>

That’s it. Run the application and navigate through browser like below, you can see the output.

  • By default the page is displayed on full page and you can see the ViewBag print is that we are using Desktop device.
  • Right-click the browser and select Inspect or press the F12 key to open the browser inspect mode and refresh the browser, we can see the now it run the Android mobile device with device information.
  • When we make change mobile device as Iphone then it would display in iPhone.

The complete flow you can see on the below GIF image.

Conclusion

Here we discussed How to detect whether page is load on Mobile or Desktop browser in ASP.Net Core. We discussed here to get the information step by step using Regular expression.

Leave behind your valuable queries, suggestions in the comment section below. Also, if you think this article help to you, do not forget to share this within your developer community. Happy Coding 🙂

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Jayant Tripathy
Coder, Blogger, YouTuber

A passionate developer keep focus on learning and working on new technology.

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